KARANA 9 & 10
9. Nikuttakam (Shouldered Arms)
Sculptures depict this Karana in a Mandala Sthanakambody position. The feet remain on the ground and the hands move in between the head and the shoulders. A more detailed illustration of the Karana describes one hand to be held in Alapallavanear the shoulder and its corresponding foot to be stamping, while the other hand is in Chaturshra. This movement is then repeated on the other side as well.
While it may seem easy at first sight, this Karana is difficult to pull off. It is usually employed to depict ego, pride, self-conceit and haughtiness.
10. Ardhanikuttaka(Half Shouldered Arms)
This Karana is understood as a half of the previous Karana, the Nikuttakam. Like the last one, one hand is placed on the shoulder while one heel is stamped on the ground. During this movement, the hands must face each other.
It is used for the show of self-respect and self-adulation.